Asthma is an incurable disease. The purpose of the administration is to control the disease. It includes the following:
Prevent recurrent and chronic symptoms such as night cough:
- Reduce medication use.
- Restoration of lung function.
- Restoration of regular activities.
- Preventing severe asthma attacks that require a hospital stay or an emergency room visit.
Asthma Control Practices:
- Control conditions that can be the cause of asthma aggravating.
- Avoid known allergies.
- Maintain an active lifestyle.
- In case of an asthma attack make an action plan.
The Asthma Action Plan should include medication regimens, avoidance of stimuli, monitoring of asthma attacks, and measures to be taken if asthma symptoms become severe despite treatment.
For example, when going to the hospital emergency department for treatment.
Asthma medications can be broadly divided into long-term controls and medications that provide asthma symptoms rapid relief.
Both types of medications are intended to reduce airway inflammation to control asthma.
Early treatment of asthma depends on its severity. Treatment 6f asthma totally depends on how well the patient follows the action plan of asthma and how the action plan is effective.
Note, however, that the asthma action plan will vary with changes in your lifestyle and social environment as different social exposures result in different allergies in your environment.
Medication adjustments should be at the discretion of your primary care physician. If you have adjusted your medication dose yourself, you should tell your primary care physician immediately to facilitate proper titration of the medication dose with each visit to the doctor.
Always use the minimum amount of medicine your doctor needs to control your asthma so that the doctor knows how much medicine you are taking. Some groups of patients require stricter titration regimes.
Asthma Action Plan
Each asthma action plan should be tailored to the individual patient. The plan should include medication regimen, avoidance of stimuli, detection of asthma attacks, and measures to be taken when asthma symptoms gradually become severe.
It is best to work with your primary care physician to develop an action plan for your asthma. The plan should state all the above details.
In the case of children, parents and careers should be aware of the asthma action plan. This should include child careers, day care center workers, parents, school and outdoor children’s activities organizers.
A whole multitude of allergens has been documented to link to asthma. For an individual patient, the most important thing is to know what your asthma symptoms are. Next, find out what to do when it causes asthma.
Simple common sense is essential. For example, if you have known allergies or sensitivities to pollen, please limit your exposure to pollen and stay indoors when needed. If you are sensitive to pets, or pet fur, please do not keep pets in the house or allow pets to enter your room.
It is important to note that physical activity can also trigger asthma attacks. However, it is recommended to exercise asthma regularly because, in the long run, exercise will help control asthma. Talk to your primary care physician if you experience an asthma attack while engaging in physical activity. Medications are available to control asthma during exercise.
In case your asthma is in strong contact with an allergen that cannot be avoided (such as dust), your primary care physician may advise you to use anti-allergy medication.
Medications that target long-term control
Chronic asthma will need medication to get long-term control over your asthma. These drugs work slowly and reduce inflammation.
Seek medical advice if:
- Medications consistently fail to treat asthma attacks.
- Peak flow readings are less than 50% at baseline.
Go to the nearest hospital emergency room immediately if:
- You may experience severe shortness of breath to the point where walking becomes difficult.
- Your lips and tongue turn blue.
Asthma – a lifelong problem
Asthma is incurable disease. Successful management of asthma requires the patient to play an active role in controlling asthma according to the Asthma Action Plan.
Asthma will not go away. But it can be overcome.
Your primary care physician is your best partner for developing your asthma action plan. The action plan will keep reminding you of your medication regimen, triggers, and protocols as asthma symptoms develop and worsen. Even children should be involved in shaping their action plan because it is an individual effort that counts in the long-term care of asthma.